Frederick J. Furnivall (1825-1910), an early adherent of the movement to experience Shakespeare in his most primal textual state, developed the 43-volume series Shakspere-Quarto Facsimiles, launched in the 1880s. It was meant to compete with the Halliwell-Ashbee facsimiles, which were not photographically reproduced but lithographic, with every letter in every text hand-traced. This limited edition was blindingly impractical and costly. Furnivall enlisted the photolithographic printers William Griggs and Charles Praetorius and issued a much less expensive product, with critical introductions, line-numbers, and the like. His ethos was moral and nationalistic. The more Shakespeare, the better off English-speaking citizens would be.
Andrew Murphy's Shakespeare in Print (2003) provided some of the information above. Furnivall's photograph is to the left.
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